what does c&d mean in horse racing

In horse racing, “c&d” is an abbreviation that stands for “course and distance.” It refers to the specific combination of racetrack circuit and distance that a horse will run in a particular race. The course is the path taken around the racetrack, while the distance is the total length of the race. By using “c&d,” horse racing professionals can quickly identify the unique conditions under which a horse will be competing. For example, a horse that has performed well in previous races at a particular c&d combination may be considered a strong contender for a race with the same parameters. This information can be used by bettors and racing analysts to make informed decisions about which horses to bet on.

C&D: A Guide to Class and Distance in Horse Racing

When you’re trying to decipher the jargon of horse racing, the term “C&D” might leave you scratching your head. But don’t worry, it’s actually quite simple once you break it down.

C&D stands for “class and distance.” Class refers to the level of competition a horse is entered in, while distance refers to the length of the race. Understanding both of these factors is essential for evaluating a horse’s chances of winning.


  • Class 1: The highest level of competition, open to only the best horses.
  • Class 2: A step down from Class 1, but still competitive.
  • Class 3: The mid-range class, where horses of various abilities compete.
  • Class 4: A lower-level class for horses with less experience or ability.
  • Class 5: The lowest level of competition, open to horses of all abilities.


  • Sprint: Races up to 6 furlongs (1,200 meters)
  • Middle distance: Races from 7 to 12 furlongs (1,400 to 2,400 meters)
  • Long distance: Races over 12 furlongs (2,400 meters)

Finding the Perfect C&D Combination

Every horse has its strengths and weaknesses. Some horses excel in sprints, while others prefer longer distances. Similarly, some horses are better suited to higher-class races, while others may find more success in lower-class competitions.

The key to finding the perfect C&D combination for a horse is to research its past performances. Look at the races it has won and lost, and try to identify any patterns. This information will help you make an informed decision about which races to enter your horse in.

The table below provides a summary of the different C&D combinations and their associated characteristics:

Class 1SprintFast-paced, highly competitive races
Class 1Middle distanceA mix of speed and stamina required
Class 1Long distanceTests of endurance and stamina
Class 2-5Any distanceA wide range of abilities and race conditions

C&D: Course and Distance in Horse Racing

C&D, or “course and distance,” is a term used in horse racing to describe the specific track and distance over which a race is run. It’s an important factor to consider when handicapping a race, as different horses may perform better or worse on certain courses and distances.


The course refers to the physical layout of the racetrack, including its shape, length, and surface. Common course shapes include ovals, circles, and figure-eights, while track surfaces can vary from dirt to turf.


The distance refers to the length of the race, which is measured in furlongs. A furlong is equal to one-eighth of a mile, so a race that is 1 1/2 miles long would be referred to as “12 furlongs.”

Relationship between Course and Distance

The relationship between course and distance can be crucial in determining a horse’s performance. For example, some horses may excel on tracks with long straightaways, while others may prefer shorter, more technical courses. Similarly, some horses may thrive on dirt tracks, while others may perform better on turf.

How to Find C&D Information

C&D information for a race can typically be found on the race card or in the track program. The information will usually be listed as follows:

  • Course: Name of the racetrack
  • Distance: Number of furlongs
Belmont Park1 1/2 miles
Churchill Downs1 1/4 miles
Santa Anita Park1 mile

C&D in Horse Racing

C&D is a common abbreviation used in horse racing, but what does it actually mean? C&D stands for “conditions and deductions.” It refers to the specific requirements and penalties that are attached to a particular race or entry.


  • Conditions are specific requirements that a horse must meet in order to be eligible to enter a race.
  • These conditions can include age, sex, breeding, and previous racing performance.
  • For example, a race may be restricted to horses that are 3 years old or older, or to horses that have won a certain number of races.


  • Deductions are penalties that are applied to a horse’s weight or handicap before a race.
  • These deductions are typically based on the horse’s previous performance or earnings.
  • For example, a horse that has won a lot of races may have to carry a heavier weight in order to give other horses a better chance of winning.


Horse must be a certain age to enter the race.


Horse must be a male or female to enter the race.


Horse must have specific breeding to enter the race.

Previous performance

Horse must have won or placed in a certain number of races to enter the race.



Horse must carry a certain weight during the race.


Horse is assigned a handicap based on previous performance or earnings.

C&D in Horse Racing: A Guide to the Meaning and Churchill Downs

The term “C&D” is frequently used in horse racing to describe a particular type of race or track condition. Let’s break down its meaning and explore its significance, particularly in relation to Churchill Downs.

Meaning of C&D

  • Course and Distance: C&D refers to both the specific racetrack and the distance of a particular race.
  • Specific Racetrack: The letters “C” and “D” are used to represent the name of the racetrack, such as CD for Churchill Downs or GP for Gulfstream Park.
  • Race Distance: The number following the letters indicates the distance of the race in furlongs. For example, “C&D 1 1/8” means the race is run at Churchill Downs over a distance of 1 1/8 furlongs (approximately 1.2 miles).

Churchill Downs and C&D

Churchill Downs, the famous racetrack in Kentucky, is known for hosting the renowned Kentucky Derby. Many races at Churchill Downs are designated as C&D, indicating that they are run over the same specific track and distance:

Race NameC&D
Kentucky DerbyCD 1 1/4
Kentucky OaksCD 1 1/8
Stephen Foster HandicapCD 1 1/8
Clark HandicapCD 1 1/8

Knowing the C&D designation for races at Churchill Downs helps horseplayers make informed betting decisions and understand the specific track and distance conditions that horses will face.

There ya have it, folks! Now you know the inside scoop on what “C&D” means in the world of horse racing. Thanks for hangin’ around and givin’ this article a read. If you found it helpful, be sure to check out our other articles on horse racing. We’ve got lots more tips, tricks, and insights to share with ya. In the meantime, keep an eye on those racehorses and see if you can spot any C&D runners. You might just find yourself rootin’ for a winner!