what does tt+ mean in horse racing

In horse racing, tt+ is a notation indicating that a horse is carrying additional weight in a race beyond the assigned weight for its age and sex. This extra weight, known as a weight surcharge, is assigned to horses that have performed exceptionally well in their previous races. The purpose of tt+ is to level the playing field, making it harder for dominant horses to win again by adding additional weight.

TT+ In Horse Racing

TT+ stands for Table Top + and it is a type of cross-country obstacle in horse racing. It is a combination of a table, which is an obstacle with a flat top and a drop on the other side. The “+” indicates that there is an additional element to the obstacle, such as a ditch or a hedge.

Cross-Country Obstacle

  • A table top is a fence that has a flat top and a drop on the other side.
  • The “+” in TT+ indicates that there is an additional element to the obstacle, such as a ditch or a hedge.
  • TT+ obstacles are typically found on cross-country courses.

Table top obstacles can be challenging for horses to jump, as they require the horse to jump up onto the flat top and then down the other side. The additional element of the obstacle, such as a ditch or a hedge, can make the obstacle even more challenging.

Horses that are trained to jump TT+ obstacles must be confident and athletic. They must also be able to judge the distance and height of the obstacle correctly in order to jump it successfully.

TT+ obstacles are a common sight on cross-country courses. They can be a challenge for horses and riders, but they are also an exciting and rewarding part of the sport.

TT+ in Horse Racing

TT+ is a classification used in horse racing to denote a horse that has tested positive for a prohibited substance.

Horse Trials

TT+ horses are frequently encountered in horse trials, which include three phases: dressage, cross-country, and show jumping.


  • Dressage: Horses are judged on their obedience and precision in performing specific movements.
  • Cross-Country: Horses navigate a course with obstacles such as fences, drops, and water hazards.
  • Show Jumping: Horses jump over a series of obstacles within a time limit.

Horses that test positive for prohibited substances during a horse trial are typically penalized and may be disqualified from the event.

Penalties and Disqualification

Minor ViolationsFines, suspension, or loss of prize money
Major ViolationsDisqualification from the event and potential forfeiture of previous winnings

The use of prohibited substances in horse racing is taken very seriously, as it can compromise the integrity of the sport and the safety of the horses.

Three-Day Eventing

Within the realm of equestrian sports, Three-Day Eventing holds a unique place, demanding both versatility and resilience from horse-and-rider pairings. This captivating discipline comprises three distinct phases:


  • Evaluates the horse’s obedience, precision, and gracefulness in performing prescribed movements.
  • Points are awarded based on the accuracy and harmony of the execution.


  • Tests the athleticism and endurance of both horse and rider over a challenging course.
  • Obstacles include fences, ditches, and other obstacles that require a combination of speed, agility, and precision.

Show Jumping

  • Assesses the horse’s ability to clear obstacles in a precise and controlled manner.
  • Faults are incurred for knocking down or refusing to jump obstacles.
PhaseDescriptionEvaluation Criteria
DressageObedience and precision in prescribed movementsAccuracy and harmony of execution
Cross-CountryAthleticism, endurance, and obstacle negotiationSpeed, agility, and precision in overcoming obstacles
Show JumpingPrecision and control in obstacle clearingNumber of faults incurred for knocked-down or refused obstacles

Calculating Time Penalties in Horse Racing

Time penalties in horse racing are used to punish horses that have broken the rules during a race. The most common penalty is an “tt” or “time-to-time” penalty, which increases the horse’s winning time by a certain number of seconds. Other common penalties include “w” or “weigh-in” penalties, which require the horse to carry additional weight,

Time Penalties

  • tt: Time-to-time penalty
  • w: Weigh-in penalty
  • d: Disqualification
  • s: Suspension

Time-to-Time Penalties

Time-to-time penalties are based on the amount of time the horse saved by breaking the rules. For example, if a horse cuts the corner and saves 10 seconds, it will be given a 10-second penalty. Time-to-time penalties can range from 2 seconds to 100 seconds.

Weigh-In Penalties

Weigh-in penalties are used to punish horses that are overweight. The weight of the horse is taken before and after the race. If the horse is more than 2 pounds overweight, it will be given a weigh-in penalty. Weigh-in penalties can range from 2 pounds to 10 pounds.


Disqualification is the most severe penalty in horse racing. A horse can be disqualified for a variety of reasons, including:

  • Breaking the rules
  • Interfering with another horse
  • Running out of the course

If a horse is disqualified, it will be removed from the race and will not be placed.


Suspension is a temporary penalty that prevents a horse from competing in races. A horse can be suspended for a variety of reasons, including:

  • Breaking the rules
  • Testing positive for a prohibited substance
  • Being involved in an accident

The length of a suspension can range from a few days to several months.

ttTime-to-time penalty
wWeigh-in penalty

Well, there you have it! Now you’re all caught up on the secret code of TT+ in horse racing. If you’re planning to bet on the ponies, this is one acronym you’ll want to remember. So next time you’re at the track or watching a race on TV, keep an eye out for the TT+ symbol. And if you ever have any other questions about horse racing, be sure to stop by again. We’re always here to help!